Continuation from Part I
The following is a list of twenty-five Old Testament prophecies concerning Christ, along with the passages in the New Testament that showed their fulfillment:
1. Of the tribe of Judah (Gen. 49:10). Luke 3: 23-38.
2. Of the royal line of David (Jer. 23:5). Matt. 1:1.
3. Born of a virgin (Isa. 7:14). Matt.1:18-23.
4. Born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2) Matt. 2:1-6.
5. A forerunner shall prepare the way (Mal. 3:1; 4:5). Matt. 3:1-2;11:7-14.
6. He shall enter Jerusalem riding upon an ass (Zach. 9:9). Matt. 21:6, 7.
7. He shall be betrayed by a disciple (Ps. 41:9). John 13:18.
8. Betrayal price stated (Zach.11-12). Matt. 26:14, 15.
9. Betrayal money to be returned (Zach. 11:13). Matt. 27:3-7
10. His disciples shall forsake Him(Zach 13:7). Matt. 26:31, 56.
11. False witnesses shall accuse Him (Ps. 35:11; 27:12). Matt. 26: 59-61.
12. He shall suffer abuse (Isa. 50:6). Matt. 26: 67.
13. He shall suffer in silence (Isa. 53:7). Matt. 27: 12-14.
14. He shall be stripped (Isa. 53:5). Matt. 27: 28-29.
15. Hands and feet pierced (Ps.2:16). Luke 23:33; John 20:24-28.
16. Numbered with criminals (Isa. 53:12). Mark 15:27.
17. To divide garments (Ps. 22:18). John 19:23, 24.
18. Gall and vinegar to be offered (Ps. 69:21). John 19:28-29; Matt. 27:34.
19. No bones to be broken (Ps.34:20). John 19:33-36.
20. He shall be pierced (Zach.12:10). John 19:33-37.
21. The crowds shall rebuke him (Ps. 22:6-8). Matt. 27:39-44.
22. Darkness in the daytime to signal crucifixion (Amos 8:9). Matt 27:45;Mark 15:33.
23. To be buried with the rich (Isa. 53:9). Matt. 27:57-60.
24. To arise from the dead (Ps. 16:10). Matt. 28:6; Acts 2:22-32; 13: 32-27.
25. To ascend (Ps. 68:18). Luke 24:51; Acts 1:9; Eph. 4:8-10.
Still another impressive list of prophecies concerning Christ was published in D. R. Dungan’s Hermeneutics.
1. He was to be the seed of the woman (Gen. 3:15; 4:2; Matt.1:18).
2. He would be the Son of God (Ps. 2:7; Luke 1:32-35).
3. He will overcome the serpent (Gen. 3:15; Heb. 2:14).
4. The seed of Abraham (Gen.12:1-3;17:7; 22:18; Gal.3:16).
5. The seed of Isaac (Gen. 21:12; Heb. 11:18).
6. The seed of Judah (Gen. 49:10; Heb. 7:14).
7. The Seed of David (Ps.132:11; Jer. 23:5; Acts 13:23; Rom.1:3).
8. The time of His coming and death (Dan. 9.24-27; Luke 2:1).
9. Born of a virgin (Isa. 7:14; Matt.1:18; Luke 2:7).
10. He was called Immanuel (Isa. 7:14; Matt.1:22, 23).
11. Born in Bethlehem of Judah (Mic. 5:2; Matt. 2:1;Luke 2:4-6)
12. Great men shall come and bow down to Him (Ps.72:10-15; Matt. 2:1-11).
13. Children slaughtered, that He might be killed (Jer. 31:15; Matt. 2:16-18).
14. Introduced by John the Baptist (Isa. 40:3; Mal.3:1; Matt. 3:1-3; Luke 1:17).
15. Was anointed by the Holy Spirit (Ps. 45:7; Isa.11:2; 61:1; Matt. 3:16, 17; John 3:34; Acts 10:38).
16. He was a prophet like unto Moses (Deut. 18:15-18; Acts 3:20-22).
17. He was sent as a deliverer to the people (Isa. 61:1-3; Luke 4:16-21, 43).
18. He is the light to Zebulun and Naphtali (Isa. 9.1-3; Matt. 4:12-16).
19. He comes to the temple and cleanses it (Hag. 2:7-9; Mal. 3:1; Luke 19:45; John 2:13-16).
20. His poverty (Isa. 53:2; Mark 6:3; Luke 9:58).
21. He was meek, and without ostentation (Isa. 42:1-2; Phil. 2:7-9).
22. His compassion (Isa. 40:11; 42:3; Matt.12:15-20; Heb. 4:15).
23. Was without guile (Isa. 53:9; I Pet. 2:22).
24. Great zeal for the house of God (Ps. 69:9; John 2:17).
25. He taught by the use of parables (Ps. 78:2; Matt.13:34-35).
26. He wrought miracles (Isa. 35:5, 6; Luke 7:18-23).
27. Rejected by His brethren (Ps. 69:8; Isa. 53:3; John 1:11; 7:5).
28. Hated by the Jews (Ps. 69:4; Isa. 49:7; John 15:24-25).
29. Rejected by their rulers (Ps.118:22; John 7:48; Matt. 21:42).
30. A stone of stumbling and rock of offense (Isa. 8:14; Rom. 9:32; I Pet. 2:8).
31. Betrayed by a friend (Ps 41:9; 55:12-14; John 13:18-21).
32. Forsaken by His disciples (Zach.13:7; Matt. 26:31-56).
33. Was sold for thirty pieces of silver (Zach. 11:12; Matt. 26:15).
34. This money was given to buy the porter’s field (Zach. 11:13; Matt. 27:7).
35. He was patient and silent in all His sufferings (Isa. 53:7; Matt. 26:63; 27:12-14).
36. Smitten on the cheek (Mic. 5:1; Matt. 27:30)
37. His sufferings were intense (Ps. 22:14-15; Luke 22: 42-44).
38.Was scourged and spit upon Ps. 35:15; Isa. 50:6; Mark 14:65; John 19:1).
39. His visage was greatly marred (Isa. 52:14; 52:3; John 19:1-5).
40. He suffered that He might bear away our sins (Isa. 53:4-6; Dan 9:26; Matt. 20:28; 26:28).
41. The rulers, the Jews and Gentiles, combined against Him to put Him to death (Ps. 2:1-4;
Luke 23:12; Acts 4:27-28).
42. He was extended upon the cross, and His hands and His hands and His feet were nailed to the wood (Isa. 25:10, 11; Ps. 22:16; John 19:18; 20:35).
43. This agony was increased by being numbered among Thieves (Isa. 53:12; Mark 15:28; [sic. 27] ).
44. They gave him gall and vinegar 9Ps. 69. 21; Matt. 27:34).
45. He was cruelly mocked (Ps. 22:7-8; 35:15-21; Matt. 27:39-44).
46. He suffered alone; even the Fathers presence was Withdrawn (Isa. 63:1-3; Ps. 22:1; Matt.27: 46).
47. They parted His garments among them, and cast lots for His vesture (Ps. 22:18; Matt. 27:35).
48. He thus became a cures for us, and bore our reproach (Ps. 22:6; 79:7; 9:20; Rom.15: 3;
Heb. 13:13; Gal. 3:13).
49. He made intercession for the murderers (Isa. 53:12; Luke 23:34).
50. After His death they pierced Him (Zach.12:10; John 19:34-37).
51. But did not break a bone of His body (Ex.12:46; Ps. 34:20; John 19:33-36).
52. He was buried with the rich (Isa. 53:9; Matt. 27:57-60).
53. His flesh did not see corruption (Ps.16:8-10; Acts 2:31).
54. He rose from death the third day, according to The Scriptures (Ps.16: 8-10; 30:3;
Luke 24: 6, 31, 34).
55. He ascended into the heavens (Ps. 68:18; 24: 7-9; Luke 24:51; Acts 1:9).
56. He became a priest after the order of Melchizedek, who was king and priest at the same
time (Ps.110:4; Heb. 5:5-6; Zach. 6:12-13).
57. He received for himself a kingdom that embraces The whole world (Ps. 2:6; Luke 1:32;
Dan. 2:44; 7:13, 14; John 18:33-37; Matt. 28:18,19; Phil.2:9-10).
58. His law went forth from Zion and His word from Jerusalem (Isa. 2:1-3; Mic. 4:12;
Luke 24:46-49; Acts 2:1-40).
59. The Gentiles should be admitted into His service (Isa.11:10; 42:1; Ps. 2:8; John 10:16;
Acts 10: 44-48; Rom.15:9-12).
60. The righteousness of His reign (Isa. 9:6, 7; Ps. 45:6, 7; John 5:30; Rev.19:11).1
Mathematics and Prophecy
What are the chance possibilities of making the foregoing statements concerning Christ hundred of years before His birth and having these detailed statements verified by subsequent history? Dr. Hawley O. Taylor provides the answer:
Regarding these n cases of events foretold for Israel’s Messiah who was to come, if the chances of success were even in the case of each one, that is p (probability) equals ½ in every case, then the overall probability that all n events would find their fulfillment in one Person would be pn equals (1/2)n. Thus there would be but one chance in 2n (33million, where n equals 25) of all these foretold events coming true if they were mere guesses. Now a glance at these prophecies concerning Christ reveals that they do not all have an even chance of success, for in some instances it is highly improbable that the events could occur at all (as for a child to be born without a human father). A very conservative compromise would be p equals 1/5; and the probability for the n prophecies coming true would be pn equals (1/5)n, or one chance out of a thousand trillion if n equals 25.2
Even if the prophecy regarding the virgin birth of Christ would be excluded, the number will remain astronomically large, to large to assume that predictions of prophecies and their fulfillment accidentally happened.
The living God argues His adequacy and deity on the basis of His being able to foretell the future. See Isaiah 41:2-23; 45:20-21; 49:9-11. Christ argues the truthfulness of His claims on the basis of His ability to foretell the future. See John 13:18-19 and relate it to John 2:19-22; 14:28-29 and 16:1-4.
In Isaiah 41:23 the living God argues that idols because they can’t tell the future are fakes. Whether or not, then, we think the argument from prophecy is worthwhile, the Bible makes no bones about its validity.
Another of the evidence that the Bible is inspired is to be found in the area of scientific foreknowledge. Negatively, this argument holds that the Bible shows that someone, or something beyond natural man must have guides the writers of the various books of the Bible, because there is no evidence to point to superstitions concerning scientific matters which were current in ancient times as incorporated into Scriptures. How easy it would be for a writer or two to slip in that the earth is flat and rested upon the back of some giant turtle, or on the shoulders of a giant-man; which later would have been proven false. The very absence of these superstitions, (is) evidence that there is a God with infinite knowledge who guide the men who wrote, and He lives, and He is not silent.
In Science, however, on the positive side, we have scattered evidence of advanced scientific understanding in the pages of the Bible. In the Book of Job, for example, we find the statement, "He stretched out the north over empty space, and hangeth the earth upon nothing" (Job 26:7). This indicated an advanced knowledge that was not common in the day when Job wrote. We have in Isaiah 40:22, "it is He that sitteth above the circle of the earth." The roundness of the earth was discovered by man until many centuries after this was written. In Leviticus 14 we have another example of a command that certain washing be done in running water. The necessity of washing in running water implied a knowledge of disease germs, which was not to be discovered by men for several thousand years later.
We also have in Scriptures accurate reference to such matters as altitude. Whenever the Scriptures use the expression "going up," or the expression "going down," to a certain city we can be sure that they are accurate. Even though these references were given in a day when there were no scientific devices for measuring altitude, in some manner these references were correctly given in each case. Even in these small details the Bible has an impressive accuracy and concern for details. And such details and accuracy cannot be found in religious or sacred book the side the Bible.
Certain characteristics of the Bible can hardly be explained except by divine origin—of writing by the Holy Spirit. How could the remarkable unity of the Bible have been achieved if there were no one central divine--Mind guiding all the writers? How could the various prophecies of the Old Testament have been made hundreds of years before their fulfillment if there were no divine foreknowledge of future events? How could the writers of the Bible have anticipated certain scientific information and knowledge that was not to be discovered by men for many centuries?
There are additional areas that give us a confidence that the Bible is no mere book written by men—there is a supernatural flavor to the Bible. We have seen the nature of the argument from prophecy, and if prophecies do exist, then there is a supernatural power at the back of the Bible. It must be, as it claims, a book of divine origin, given by the infinite-personal, living God who is there, and He is not silent.
1 Baxter, pp. 188-195.
2 Source unknown.
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